Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of complexes of aluminium(III), gallium(III), and indium(III) with disulphonated 2,2′-dihydroxyazobenzene ligands in aqueous solution

Dennis F. Evans, Nobuhiko Iki

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Proton n.m.r. spectra are reported for complexes of AlIII, GaIII, and InIII with a variety of 5,5′-disulphonated 2,2′-dihydroxyazobenzenes in D2O solution. Ligand exchange is slow on an n.m.r. time-scale, and both 1:1 and 1:2 complexes have been characterized. The spectra of the complexes of AlIII and GaIII show that the metal ions are bound to only one of the nitrogens of the azo groups. In contrast, the 1:2 indium(III) complexes of the two symmetric ligands studied are fluxional, and values of ΔG‡ are given for the process which 'flips' the metal ions between the two nitrogen atoms. For the 1:1 and 1:2 aluminium(III) and the 1:2 gallium(III) complexes of asymmetric ligands, the expected isomers have been observed, and the equilibrium isomer ratios are reported. Assignments based on 1H n.m.r. spectra have been confirmed by the 15N n.m.r. spectrum of a 1:2 gallium(III) complex with a ligand enriched in 15N. The isomer ratios can be largely rationalized by considering the effect substituents in the 4 and 4′ positions have on the electron density of the remote nitrogen atom in the azo groups. The effect of changes in pD on the isomer ratios and the 1H chemical shifts has also been studied for the 1:2 gallium(III) complexes of a ligand with an ionizable 4′-OH group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3773-3779
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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