Nrf2 protects pancreatic β-cellss from oxidative and nitrosative stress in diabetic model mice

Yoko Yagishita, Toshiaki Fukutomi, Akira Sugawara, Hiroshi Kawamura, Tetsu Takahashi, Jingbo Pi, Akira Uruno, Masayuki Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mice Transcription factor Nrf2 (NF-E2-related factor 2) regulates wide-ranging cytoprotective genes in response to environmental stress. Keap1 (Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1) is an adaptor protein for Cullin3-based ubiquitin E3 ligase and negatively regulates Nrf2. The Keap1-Nrf2 system plays important roles in the oxidative stress response and metabolism. However, the roles Nrf2 plays in prevention of pancreatic β-Cells damage remain elusive. To demonstrate the roles of Nrf2 in pancreatic β-Cellss, we used four genetically engineered mouse models: 1) β-Cells-specific Keap1- conditional knockout mice, 2) β-Cells-specific Nos2 transgenic mice, 3) conventional Nrf2-heterozygous knockout mice, and 4) β-Cells-specific Nrf2- conditional knockout mice. We found that Nrf2 induction suppressed the oxidative DNA-adduct formation in pancreatic islets of iNOS-Tg mice and strongly restored insulin secretion from pancreatic β-Cellss in the context of reactive species (RS) damage. Consistently, Nrf2 suppressed accumulation of intracellular RS in isolated islets and pancreatic β-Cells lines and also decreased nitrotyrosine levels. Nrf2 induced glutathione-related genes and reduced pancreatic β-Cells apoptosis mediated by nitric oxide. In contrast, Nrf2 depletion in Nrf2-heterozygous knockout and β-Cells-specific Nrf2-conditional knockout mice strongly aggravated pancreatic β-Cells damage. These results demonstrate that Nrf2 induction prevents RS damage in pancreatic β-Cellss and that the Keap1-Nrf2 system is the crucial defense pathway for the physiological and pathological protection of pancreatic β-Cellss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-618
Number of pages14
JournalDiabetes
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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