Nrf2 expression in pancreatic stellate cells promotes progression of cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It was previously identified that systemic Nrf2 deletion attenuates pancreatic cancer progression in a mutant K-ras/p53-expressing mouse model (KPC mouse). In this study, the type of cell that is responsible for the retarded cancer progression was elucidated. Human pancreatic cancers were first examined, and elevated expression of NRF2-target gene products in a-smooth muscle actin-positive cells was found, suggesting that pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) are involved in this process. Closer examination of primary cultured PSCs from Nrf2-deleted mice revealed that the cells were less proliferative and retained a lower migration capacity. The conditioned medium of Nrf2-deleted PSCs exhibited reduced growth-stimulating effects in pancreatic cancer cells. KPC mouse-derived pancreatic cancer cells coinjected with wild-type PSCs developed significantly larger subcutaneous tumors in immunodeficient mice than those coinjected with Nrf2-deleted PSCs. These results demonstrate that Nrf2 actively contributes to the function of PSCs to sustain KPC cancer progression, thus, suggesting that Nrf2 inhibition in PSCs may be therapeutically important in pancreatic cancer. NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study identified that Nrf2 contributes to PSC activation. Nrf2 deletion in PSCs resulted in attenuation of cancer-promoting role. Nrf2 in PSCs could be an attractive therapeutic target in pancreatic cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G378-G388
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume321
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Keywords

  • Nrf2
  • Oxidative stress
  • Pancreatic fibrosis
  • Pancreatic stellate cell
  • Stroma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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