Novel self-compatible lines of Brassica rapa L. isolated from the Japanese bulk-populations

Sachiyo Isokawa, Masaaki Osaka, Akira Shirasawa, Rina Kikuta, Satoshi Komatsu, Atsushi Horisaki, Satoshi Niikura, Yoshinobu Takada, Hiroshi Shiba, Akira Isogai, Seiji Takayama, Go Suzuki, Keita Suwabe, Masao Watanabe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Self-incompatibility (SI) in Brassicaceae is sporophytically controlled by a single S- locus with multi allelic variety. The male S determinant, SP11/SCR (S-locus protein 11/S-locus cysteine-rich protein), is a small cysteine-rich protein, and the female S determinant, SRK (S-locus receptor kinase), functions as a receptor for SP11 at the surface of stigma papilla cells. Although a few of the following downstream factors in the SP11-SRK signaling cascade have been identified, a comprehensive understanding of the SI mechanism still remains unexplained in Brassicaceae. Analysis of self-compatible (SC) mutants is significant for understanding the molecular mechanism in SI reactions, thus we screened SC lines from a variety of Japanese bulk-populations of B. rapa vegetables. Two lines, TSC4 and TSC28, seem to have disruptions in the SI signaling cascade, while the other line, TSC2, seems to have a deficiency in a female S determinant, SRK. In TSC4 and TSC28, known SI-related factors, i.e. SRK, SP11, MLPK (M-locus protein kinase), THL (thioredoxin-h-like), and ARC1 (arm repeat containing 1), were expressed normally, and their expression levels were comparable with those in SI lines. On a B. rapa genetic linkage map, potential SC genes in TSC4 and TSC28 were mapped on linkage groups A3 and A1, respectively, whereas MLPK, ARC1, and THL were mapped on A3, A4, and A6, respectively. Although potential SC genes of TSC4 and MLPK were on the same linkage group, their positions were apparently independent. These results indicate that the SC genes of TSC4 and TSC28 are independent from the S-locus or known SI-related genes. Thus, the SC lines selected here have mutations in novel factors of the SI signaling cascade, and they will contribute to fill pieces in a signal trans- duction pathway of the SI system in Brassicaceae.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)87-96
    Number of pages10
    JournalGenes and Genetic Systems
    Volume85
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • Brassicaceae
    • Linkage analysis
    • S locus
    • Self-incompatibility
    • Stigmapart mutant

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Biology
    • Genetics

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