Novel Ni-Mg-Al-Ca catalyst for enhanced hydrogen production for the pyrolysis-gasification of a biomass/plastic mixture

Shogo Kumagai, Jon Alvarez, Paula H. Blanco, Chunfei Wu, Toshiaki Yoshioka, Martin Olazar, Paul T. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract A Ni-Mg-Al-Ca catalyst was prepared by a co-precipitation method for hydrogen production from polymeric materials. The prepared catalyst was designed for both the steam cracking of hydrocarbons and for the in situ absorption of CO2 via enhancement of the water-gas shift reaction. The influence of Ca content in the catalyst and catalyst calcination temperature in relation to the pyrolysis-gasification of a wood sawdust/polypropylene mixture was investigated. The highest hydrogen yield of 39.6 mol H2/g Ni with H2/CO ratio of 1.90 was obtained in the presence of the Ca containing catalyst of molar ratio Ni:Mg:Al:Ca = 1:1:1:4, calcined at 500 °C. In addition, thermogravimetric and morphology analyses of the reacted catalysts revealed that Ca introduction into the Ni-Mg-Al catalyst prevented the deposition of filamentous carbon on the catalyst surface. Furthermore, all metals were well dispersed in the catalyst after the pyrolysis-gasification process with 20-30 nm of NiO sized particles observed after the gasification without significant aggregation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3287
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume113
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Gasification
  • Hydrogen
  • Nickel catalyst
  • Plastic
  • Pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Fuel Technology

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