Novel divertor design to mitigate neutron irradiation in the helical reactor FFHR-d1

Hitoshi Tamura, Teruya Tanaka, Takuya Goto, Junich Miyazawa, Suguru Masuzaki, Tsuguhiro Watanabe, Nagato Yanagi, Akio Sagara, Satoshi Ito, Hidetoshi Hashizume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The heat flux at the divertor in a fusion reactor is considered to have a peak of >10 MW/m2. In a design study of the helical reactor FFHR-d1, the feasibility of employing a copper alloy for divertor cooling pipes was investigated; however, radiation in the divertor area would quickly damage the copper alloy. The neutron load on the divertor can be reduced by a blanket arrangement; nevertheless, in the present divertor structure, irradiation damage of materials on the inboard side of the torus remains relatively high. If the divertor could be moved to an area receiving much less radiation, then the lifetimes of divertor materials should increase. In this paper, a novel divertor structure is introduced in which the coil-support structure is modified to create a region receiving relatively low amounts of radiation without changing the geometry of the helical or vertical field coils. Using this proposed design would increase the lifetime of the copper alloy in divertor components to more than an estimated six years. In addition, the divertor could be accessed from either the upper or lower sides of the device, simplifying maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1629-1633
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume98-99
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Divertor
  • FFHR
  • Helical reactor
  • Irradiation
  • Structural analysis
  • Superconducting magnet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Tamura, H., Tanaka, T., Goto, T., Miyazawa, J., Masuzaki, S., Watanabe, T., Yanagi, N., Sagara, A., Ito, S., & Hashizume, H. (2015). Novel divertor design to mitigate neutron irradiation in the helical reactor FFHR-d1. Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, 1629-1633. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2015.01.025