Novel clinical grading of delayed neurologic sequelae after carbon monoxide poisoning and factors associated with outcome

Hiroshi Kuroda, Kazuo Fujihara, Shigeki Kushimoto, Masashi Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Delayed neurologic sequelae (DNS) after carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning manifest as a relapse of neurologic deficits. However, the long-term outcome of DNS has not been fully clarified. Myelin basic protein (MBP) levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been reported to be elevated in DNS. However, the precise timing and clinical value of the CSF examination have not been fully evaluated. We aimed to clarify the long-term outcome and the factors predicting the outcome of DNS and to evaluate the utility of CSF-MBP for predicting the development and severity of DNS. Methods: This work was designed as a single-center, prospective, observational study. We graded DNS severity as Grade 1 (consistent independence), Grade 2 (temporary dependence), or Grade 3 (persistent dependence). We analyzed the percentage categorized in each grade and the parameters associated with outcome. Results: Of 100 patients experiencing acute CO poisoning (median age: 46 years; 69% male), 20 (20%) developed DNS, including six Grade 1 (30%), ten Grade 2 (50%), and four Grade 3 (20%) cases. The Grade 3 patients [median: 77 years; interquartile range (IQR): 76-82] were older than the Grade 1 patients [42; 30-46] (. P<. 0.01); the DNS onset of the Grade 1 patients [median interval after poisoning: 35 days; IQR: 32-56] occurred later than that of the Grade 3 patients [10; 9-13] P<. 0.001) and the Grade 2 patients [25; 23-27] (. P<. 0.05). The CSF-MBP levels of the DNS patients were higher than those of the non-DNS patients (. P<. 0.0001). The 1-month CSF-MBP levels of the Grade 3 patients were higher than those of the Grade 1 patients (. P<. 0.05); the MBP index, defined as [(Age). ×. (1-month CSF-MBP)], was higher in the Grade 3 patients than in the Grade 1 patients (. P<. 0.01). Severe DNS were associated with advanced age (>72.5 years), earlier onset (<18 days), higher 1-month CSF-MBP (>252. pg/ml), and higher MBP index (>20.9 year. ×. ng/ml). Conclusions: Poor DNS outcomes were associated with advanced age and earlier onset. CSF-MBP can serve as a sensitive predictor of both the development and outcomes of DNS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroToxicology
Volume48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1

Keywords

  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Clinical grading
  • Delayed neurologic sequelae
  • Myelin basic protein
  • Outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology

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