Novel c.2216T > C (p.I739T) Mutation in Exon 13 and c.1481T > A (p.L494X) Mutation in Exon 8 of MUT Gene in a Female with Methylmalonic Acidemia

George Imataka, Osamu Sakamoto, Hideo Yamanouchi, Shigemi Yoshihara, Yuki Omura-Hasegawa, Go Tajima, Osamu Arisaka

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report herein a 1.5-year-old girl with methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) in whom two missense mutations were found: a novel I739T mutation located in exon 13 and the L494X mutation in exon 8. The results of organic acid test showed a pronounced increase in methylmalonate excretion with increased methylcitrate and 3-OH-propionate excretion, leading to a diagnosis of MMA, and Vitamin B12 administration was started. Analysis of the mut gene confirmed a T-to-A substitution at nucleotide position 1481 in exon 8 and a T-to-C substitution at nucleotide position 2216 in exon 13, leading to the amino acid isoleucine at position 739 being changed to threonine, resulting in c.2216T > C (p.I739T). The patient has now been on high-dose oral administration of Vitamin B12 and carnitine therapy (900 mg of levocarnitine chloride) for 5 years without experiencing further attacks, and her cognitive and motor development is normal. Further tests on residual enzyme activity, as well as experience with more cases, may shed light on the relationship between gene mutations and phenotypes in MMA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-187
Number of pages3
JournalCell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep

Keywords

  • Methylmalonic acidemia
  • Vitamin B12
  • l-Methylmalonyl-CoA mutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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