To investigate the effects of endothelin blockade initiated immediately after the onset of myocardial infarction on survival and left ventricular remodeling, treatment with the nonselective receptor antagonist TAK-044 (n = 22) or saline (n = 19) for 3 weeks was initiated immediately after coronary ligation in rats. The 24-h survival rate was significantly lower in the TAK-044 group than in the saline group. The systolic blood pressure 24 h after the onset of myocardial infarction was similar in the saline and TAK-044 groups, although it was significantly lower in the TAK-044 group during the 3-week protocol. Heart weight/tibial length was significantly increased in the TAK-044 group compared with the saline group. As all deaths in the TAK-044 group occurred within 24 h after myocardial infarction, we performed additional experiments using a separate group of rats 12-16 h after myocardial infarction. Plasma and myocardial endothelin-1 levels were significantly increased, and a bolus injection of TAK-044 significantly reduced left ventricular dP/dtmax in these rats that had had a myocardial infarction compared with sham-operated rats. Endothelin receptor blockade initiated immediately after the onset of myocardial infarction may deteriorate acute-phase survival and left ventricular remodeling. Inhibition of the positive inotropic action of endothlin-1 may partially explain the increased 24-h mortality.
- Endothelin receptor antagonist
- Left ventricular remodeling
- Myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine