Nonreciprocal transport phenomena indicate that the forward and backward flows differ and are attributed to broken inversion symmetry. In this paper, we study the nonreciprocity of the thermal and thermoelectric transport of electronic systems resulting from inversion-symmetry-broken crystal structures. The nonlinear electric, thermoelectric, and thermal conductivities are derived up to the second order in an electric field and a temperature gradient by using the Boltzmann equation with the relaxation time approximation. All the second-order conductivities appearing in this paper are described by two functions and their derivatives, and they are related to each other in the same way that linear conductivities are, e.g., via the Wiedemann-Franz law. We found that nonvanishing thermal-transport coefficients in the zero-temperature limit appear in nonlinear conductivities, which dominate the thermal transport at a sufficiently low temperature. The nonlinear conductivities and possible observable quantities are estimated in a 1H monolayer of the transition-metal dichalcogenide MoS2 and a polar semiconductor BiTeX (X=I,Br).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics