The interfaces of water/room temperature ionic liquids (RTIL) (1-alkyl-3-methyl imidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([C nmim]TFSA): n = 4, 8) are investigated by infrared-visible sum frequency generation (IV-SFG) vibrational spectroscopy and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. SFG spectra taken within the SO stretch region drastically differ between air/RTIL and water/RTIL interfaces. When a RTIL surface is in contact with water, a broadened and blue-shifted SO 2-ss mode peak is observed in the SFG spectra, indicating an inhomogeneous intermolecular interaction due to hydrogen bonding of the [TFSA] - anions and water molecules at the water/[C nmim]TFSA interface. MD simulations show the SO 2 groups of the anion are preferentially orientated toward the water phase, which is consistent with the SFG spectral features. Polar orientation of the [TFSA] - anion originates from the ordered structure of the alkyl chains of [C nmim] + cations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry