Nonlinear relationship between preservation of microstructure and geochemical composition of Pleistocene brachiopod shells from the Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan

Kazuyuki Yamamoto, Mamoru Takizawa, Hideko Takayanagi, Ryuji Asami, Yasufumi Iryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Stable carbon and oxygen isotope composition of fossilized brachiopod shells serves as an important source to delineate Earth's paleoenvironmental evolution in the Phanerozoic. However, the original isotopic composition is potentially modified by various kinds of diagenesis. To evaluate the extent to which the original isotopic composition of fossilized brachiopod shells is modified by meteoric diagenesis, microstructure, cathodoluminescence (CL) images, and carbon and oxygen isotope composition of fossilized Kikaithyris hanzawai (rhynchonellate brachiopod) shells were examined. The shells were collected from Pleistocene shallow marine carbonates exposed on the Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan. The extent of diagenetic alteration is quantitatively evaluated here as both the preservation state of the original shell microstructure and the luminescence/non-luminescence of shells. Although altered fibers were commonly observed in the brachiopod shells, the original isotopic composition was almost retained. There are no significant differences in the isotopic composition between the luminescent and non-luminescent shells. There is no direct relationship between the preservation state of the original shell microstructure and the luminescence/non-luminescence of shells at three of four horizons, indicating that CL images are not necessarily useful for the detection of diagenetic alteration of shells or shell portions. Applying multiple criteria to assessing diagenetic alteration and cross-checking them are required to distinguish between diagenetically altered and unaltered brachiopod shells.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12217
JournalIsland Arc
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov

Keywords

  • Ryukyu Islands
  • brachiopod
  • carbon isotope
  • cathodoluminescence
  • diagenesis
  • oxygen isotope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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