Nonlinear refractive indices of polydiacetylene microcrystals

Hiro Matsuda, Shinji Yamada, Edward R. Van Keuren, Hideyuki Katagi, Hitoshi Kasai, Shuji Okada, Hidetoshi Oikawa, Hachiro Nakanishi, Euan C. Smith, Ajoy K. Kar, Brian S. Wherrett

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Polydiacetylene microcrystals in a water suspension or a polymer matrix were prepared by a simple precipitation procedure in order to obtain a thin samples with good optical quality maintaining the characteristics of crystalline materials. The nonlinear refraction, n2, and nonlinear absorption, β, around the exciton peak were measured by z-scan method using a tunable picosecond laser. The signs of the n2 are positive/negative at wavelengths shorter/longer than the exciton peak and strong saturable absorption, which β is negative, are observed around the peak. The largest n2 was obtained to be plus 0.024 cm2/GW (Re χ (3) = +1.4 × 10-9 esu) at 640 nm for a gelatin composite film containing 24 wt percent of polydiacetylene microcrystals.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)241-248
    Number of pages8
    JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
    Volume2998
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997
    EventPhotosensitive Optical Materials and Devices - San Jose, CA, United States
    Duration: 1997 Feb 121997 Feb 12

    Keywords

    • Nonlinear absorption
    • Nonlinear refractive index
    • Organic microcrystal
    • Polydiacetylene
    • Z-scan method

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Computer Science Applications
    • Applied Mathematics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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