Numerical and experimental analyses of the aerodynamic performance of a triangular airfoil in low-Reynoldsnumber compressible flow are performed. This airfoilisoneof the candidates for propeller bladesonapossible future Martian air vehicle design. Based on past experimental studies conducted in the Mars Wind Tunnel at Tohoku University, this airfoilisknown toexhibit nonlinear lift behavior. Inthe present study, direct numerical simulations of low-Reynolds-number compressible flow over a spanwise periodic triangular airfoil are conducted to identify the source of nonlinear lift. The numerical results reveal that the source of the nonlinear aerodynamic behavior is the lift enhancement providedby the large leading-edge vortex generated. For compressible low-Reynolds-number flow, the wake structure becomes elongated, causing the nonlinear lift enhancement to appear at higher angles of attack compared to the case of incompressible flow.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aerospace Engineering