Nonequilibrium susceptibility in photoinduced Floquet states is studied. We analyze an electron system coupled with a heat bath in a time-periodic electric field. Spin/charge susceptibility is formulated on the basis of the Floquet Green's function method, and is calculated numerically in a wide range of amplitude and frequency of light. When the frequency is larger than the bandwidth, the susceptibility is enhanced due to the dynamical localization effect, and their peak positions in the momentum space are shifted by the Fermi surface deformation. In the case of the small frequency and amplitude, a multiple-peak structure emerges in the susceptibility, originating from the multiple Floquet bands which cross the Fermi level of the bath. To confirm those numerical results and provide the interpretation, a perturbative expression of the susceptibility is derived for small electric-field amplitude.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics