We review our theoretical studies on laser-driven ultrafast π-electron rotation (ring current) and vibronically coupled molecular vibrations in aromatic molecules with quasidegenerate excited states. The main focus of discussion is on the role of laser polarization in controlling the coherent vibronic dynamics. We first present general formulations of the coherent electronic wave packet and expectation value of electronic angular momentum for arbitrary laser polarization within a frozen-nuclei model. We show that the relative quantum phase of the superposed quasi-degenerate states, which determines the oscillating behavior of angular momentum, can be manipulated by the ellipticity and orientation of the incident laser. The controllability of π-electron rotation is demonstrated by electronic wave packet simulations for a model molecule. The results of nuclear wave packet simulations on effective potential energy surfaces of the molecule have revealed that the angular momentum is gradually reduced by nonadiabatic transitions. The amplitude of induced molecular vibration depends significantly on the direction of linear polarization vectors but is insensitive to the helicity of circular polarization. The characteristic feature in vibrational amplitudes is attributed to the interference between nuclear wave packets that acquire different quantum phases in nonadiabatic transition. This feature offers a new strategy for laser control of molecular vibrations through the wave packet interference in nonadiabatic transition.
|Number of pages||35|
|Journal||Chinese Journal of Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Feb|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)