Non-Gaussianity in the cosmic microwave background temperature fluctuations from cosmic (super-)strings

Keitaro Takahashi, Atsushi Naruko, Yuuiti Sendouda, Daisuke Yamauchi, Chul Moon Yoo, Misao Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compute analytically the small-scale temperature fluctuations of the cosmic microwave background from cosmic (super-)strings and study the dependence on the string intercommuting probability P. We develop an analytical model which describes the evolution of a string network and calculate the numbers of string segments and kinks in a horizon volume. Then we derive the probability distribution function (pdf) which takes account of finite angular resolution of observation. The resultant pdf consists of a Gaussian part due to frequent scatterings by long string segments and a non-Gaussian tail due to close encounters with kinks. The dispersion of the Gaussian part is reasonably consistent with that obtained by numerical simulations by Fraisse et al.. On the other hand, the non-Gaussian tail contains two phenomenological parameters which are determined by comparison with the numerical results for P = 1. Extrapolating the pdf to the cases with P < 1, we predict that the non-Gaussian feature is suppressed for small P.

Original languageEnglish
Article number003
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2009
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 9

Keywords

  • Cosmic strings
  • Domain walls
  • Monopoles
  • Non-gaussianity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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