Non-Destructive Evaluation of Material Degradation for Austenitic Stainless Steel by Means of Electro-Chemical Method

Takashi Matsushita, Tetsuo Shoji, Yoshihisa Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Austenitic stainless steels are extensively used for high temperature components, such as heater tubes and boiler tubes in chemical and electric power generation plants. It is well known that, for these materials, the metallurgical degradation occurs at an elevated temperature which is caused by the nucleation and growth of carbides and intermetallic phases. In this study, such metallurgical characteristics of the degraded SUS321 steel and SUS316 steel for a long term in service were investigated, and the non-destructive evaluation of the material deterioration was performed by means of an electro-chemical method. The results obtained are summarized as follows: (1) The microstructural change after a long term exposure in a high temperature environment for SUS321 steel is the nucleation and growth or the decrease of TiC, M23C6 type carbide and σ phase. These precipitates except TiC cause the material degradation. (2) These precipitates have active dissolution peaks at a particular potential independent each other in the anodic polarization measurement in 1N·KOH solution. (3) The metallurgical damage by the precipitation can be estimated in terms of the active dissolution current density (IP value), since the amount of the precipitate has a good relation with IP value at the specific potential obtained by the anodic polarization measurement. (4) The material degradation occuring on SUS316 stainless steel in a high temperature exposure can also be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1596-1601
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
Issue number446
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Jan 1


  • Austenitic stainless steel
  • Material degradation
  • Microstructure
  • Non-destructive evaluation
  • SUS316 steel
  • SUS321 steel
  • σ phase MC carbide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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