NMR evidence for the 8.5K phase transition in americium dioxide

Yo Tokunaga, Tsuyoshi Nishi, Shinsaku Kambe, Masami Nakada, Akinori Itoh, Yoshiya Homma, Hironori Sakai, Hiroyuki Chudo

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20 Citations (Scopus)


We report here the first NMR study of americium dioxide (AmO2). More than 30 years ago, a phase transition was suggested to occur in this compound at 8.5K based on magnetic susceptibility data, while no evidence had been obtained from microscopic measurements. We have prepared a powder sample of 243AmO2 containing 90 at.% 17O and have performed 17O NMR at temperatures ranging from 1.5 to 200 K. After a sudden drop of the 17O NMR signal intensity below 8.5 K, at 1.5K we have observed an extremely broad spectrum covering a range of ∼14 kOe in applied field. These data provide the first microscopic evidence for a phase transition as a bulk property in this system. In addition, the 17O NMR spectrum has been found to split into two peaks in the paramagnetic state, an effect which has not been reported for actinide dioxides studied up to now. We suggest that the splitting is induced by self-radiation damage from the alpha decay of 243Am.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053705
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May


  • Americium dioxide
  • NMR
  • Phase transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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