Nitrogen Absorption by Iron and Stainless Steels during YAG Laser Welding

Yoshihiro Sato, Wei Dong, Hiroyuki Kokawa, Takeshi Kuwana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The nitrogen absorption by iron, Fe-20Cr-10Ni and SUS329J1 stainless steel YAG laser welding in the atmosphere of Ar-N2) mixture gas was investigated in comparison with those during arc welding using the same materials as in this experiment and equilibrium data. Although the nitrogen contents of YAG laser weld metal increase with the nitrogen partial pressure were as well as those of arc weld metal of arc welding, the nitrogen content during YAG laser welding were quite less than those during arc welding. Blowholes can not be observed in Fe-20Cr-10Ni and SUS329J1 stainless steel and can only be found in iron at lower nitrogen partial pressure during YAG laser welding. A discussion on the difference in nitrogen absorption between YAG Laser and arc welding has suggested that small amount of nitrogen absorption results from less opportunity of nitrogen to touch the surface of molten metal due to the active evaporation of metal which covers the major surface of molten metal during laser welding metal. Additionally, the short-time thermal cycle compared with arc welding may bring insufficient nitrogen absorption in the weld metal during cooling. It can be considered that the nitrogen absorption during YAG laser welding is basically different from that during arc welding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)s20-s24
JournalIsij International
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Fe-20Cr-10Ni
  • YAG laser welding
  • arc welding
  • duplex stainless steel
  • nitrogen absorption
  • purified iron
  • solubility of nitrogen
  • welding atmosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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