Nf-e2 p45 is important for establishing normal function of platelets

Rie Fujita, Mariko Takayama-Tsujimoto, Hironori Satoh, Masayuki Yamamoto, Laura Gutiérrez, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Satoshi Fujii, Akinori Sarai, Bresnick Emery, Hozumi Motohashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

NF-E2 is a heterodimeric transcription factor consisting of p45 and small Maf subunits. Since p45-/- mice display severe thrombocytopenia, p45 is recognized as a critical regulator of platelet production from megakaryocytes. To identify direct p45 target genes in megakaryocytes, we used chromatin immunoprecipitation(ChIP)sequencing to analyze the genome-wide chromatin occupancy of p45 in primary megakaryocytes. p45 target gene candidates obtained from the analysis are implicated in the production and function of platelets. Two of these genes, Selp and Myl9, were verified as direct p45 targets through multiple approaches. Since P-selectin, encoded by Selp, plays a critical role in platelet function during thrombogenesis, we tested whether p45 determines the intrinsic reactivity and potency of platelets generated from megakaryocytes. Mice expressing a hypomorphic p45 mutant instead of wild-type p45 in megakaryocytes(p45-/-:δNTD-Tg mice) displayed platelet hypofunction accompanied by mild thrombocytopenia. Furthermore, lung metastasis of melanoma cells, which requires platelet activation, was repressed in p45-/-:δNTD-Tg mice compared to control mice, validating the impaired function of platelets produced from p45-/-:δNTD-Tg megakaryocytes. By activating genes in megakaryocytes that mediate platelet production and function, p45 determines the quantity and quality of platelets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2659-2670
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume33
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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