New primary energy source by thorium molten-salt reactor technology

Kazuo Furukawa, Hiroo Numata, Yoshio Kato, Koushi Mitachi, Ritsuo Yoshioka, Akira Furuhashi, Yuzuru Sato, Kazuto Arakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among the next 30 years, we have to implement a practical measure in the global energy/environmental problems, solving the followings: (1) replacing the fossil fuels without CO2 emission, (2) no severe accidents, (3) no concern on military, (4) minimizing wastes, (5) economical, (6) few R&D investment and (7) rapid/huge global application supplying about half of the total primary energy till 50 years later. For this purpose the following system was proposed: THORIMS-NES [Thorium Molten-Salt Nuclear Energy Synergetic System], which is composed of (A) simple fission Molten-Salt power stations (FUJI), and (B) fissile-producing Accelerator Molten-Salt Breeder (AMSB). It has been internationally prepared a practical Developmental Program for its huge-size industrialization of Th breeding fuel cycle to produce a new rational primary energy. Here it is explained the social meaning, the conceptual system design and technological bases, especially, including the molten fluoride salt technology, which was developed as the triple-functional medium for nuclear-engineering, heat-transfer and chemical engineering. The complex function of this system is fully achieved by the simplified facility using a single phase molten-salt only.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-563
Number of pages12
JournalElectrochemistry
Volume73
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug

Keywords

  • Fluoride
  • Molten Salt
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Thorium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry

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