New Molecular Systems Containing Silicon-Silicon Multiple Bonds

Takeaki Iwamoto, Mitsuo Kira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synthesis, structure, and reactions of novel acyclic and cyclic disilenes are discussed in detail. Due to the distinctive electronic and steric effects of trialkylsilyl substituents, tetrakis (trialkylsilyl) disilenes show interesting structural features around Si-Si bonds, electronic spectra, and reactions. Photochemical and thermal interconversion among Si4R6 isomers including a cyclotetrasilene, a silylcyclotrisilene, and a bicyclo[1.1.0]tetrasilane occurs without apparent participation of the corresponding tetrasila-1, 3-diene. In contrast to parent spiropentadiene, which is the simplest spiro-conjugation system but has been missing as an isolable molecule in carbon chemistry, a synthesized spiropentasiladiene is thermally very stable and shows remarkable spiroconjugation between the two ring π systems. In contrast to carbon allenes, the skeleton of a trisilaallene, the first stable silicon compound with formally sp-hybridized silicon atom, is significantly bent and remarkably fluxional. Tetrasilyldisilenes are useful reagents for the synthesis of novel types of organosilicon compounds such as η2-disilene transition metal complexes and a 1, 3-disilabicyclo [1.1.0]butane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-106
Number of pages13
JournalYuki Gosei Kagaku Kyokaishi/Journal of Synthetic Organic Chemistry
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cyclotetrasilene
  • Cyclotrisilene
  • Disilabicyclobutane
  • Disilene
  • Disilene complex
  • Isomerization
  • Silicon-silicon multiple bonds
  • Spiroconjugation
  • Spiropentasiladiene
  • Trisilaallene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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