New isolable dialkylsilylene and its isolable dimer that equilibrate in solution

Takashi Abe, Ryoji Tanaka, Shintaro Ishida, Mitsuo Kira, Takeaki Iwamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


The new isolable dialkylsilylene 3 bearing a bidentate alkyl substituent was synthesized. Recrystallization of silylene 3 gave yellow crystals of 3 and orange-red crystals of tetraalkyldisilene 4, a dimer of 3. In the solid state, 3 exists as a monomer with a closest distance of 6.745 Å between dicoordinate silicon atoms, while disilene 4 has a remarkably long Sii-Si double bond distance of 2.252 Å. An equilibrium between 3 and 4 in solution was observed by NMR and UV-vis spectroscopies, and the thermodynamic parameters of the equilibrium were estimated to be ΔH = -36 ± 3 kJ mol -1 and ΔS = -170 ± 15 J mol-1 K-1. Analysis of the percent buried volume, a measure of the steric demand around the divalent silicon, showed that the flexible steric bulkiness of the alkyl substituent of 3 and 4 allows the reversible dimerization of silylene 3 to disilene 4 and the isolation of both species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20029-20032
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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