Phase relations of Al2SiO5 have been studied by multianvil experiments at pressures of 13–23 GPa and temperatures of 2000–2900 K. Al2SiO5 kyanite was found to transform into two new high-pressure forms of Al2SiO5 (kyanite II and III) at temperatures exceeding 2300–2500 K and pressures of 14–23 GPa: The first phase transition occurs near 14 GPa, and the second occurs near 17 GPa. The new Al2SiO5 phases have triclinic and monoclinic crystal symmetries with zero-pressure densities of 3.876(2) and 3.982(1) g/cm3, respectively, which are significantly denser than kyanite (ρ0 = 3.666 g/cm3) but less dense than the isochemical mixture of Al2O3 corundum and SiO2 stishovite (ρ0 = 4.036 g/cm3). The exceptionally high stability temperatures of the new Al2SiO5 phases suggest that they are unlikely to form in the present mantle but may be found in some impact craters and shocked meteorites and act as important indicators of pressure and temperature for the shock events.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)