New diagnostic imaging modalities for oral cancers

Yasuhiro Morimoto, Tatsurou Tanaka, Izumi Yoshioka, Yoshihiro Yamashita, Souichi Hirashima, Masaaki Kodama, Wataru Ariyoshi, Taiki Tomoyose, Norihiko Furuta, Manabu Habu, Sachiko Okabe, Shinji Kito, Masafumi Oda, Hirohito Kuroiwa, Nao Wakasugi, Tetsu Takahashi, Kazuhiro Tominaga

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This article reviews the use of imaging modalities; both commonly used and recently introduced, to evaluate oral cancers and their lymph node metastases. Magnetic resonance images (MRI) and X-ray computed tomography (CT) images are used to determine the size, invasive area, and possible pathology of primary cancers. In addition, the two modalities are useful for staging and detecting clinically occult lymph node metastases at different levels of the neck. In particular, a follow-up MR examination method, dynamic MR sialography, for patients with xerostomia after radiation therapy is introduced, and the use of fusion images of the tumors and vessels using threedimensional fast asymmetric spin-echo (3D-FASE) and MR angiography is discussed. Furthermore, ultrasound imaging (US), in addition to its use for staging and detecting clinically occult lymph node metastases, plays an important role in confirming intraoperative surgical clearance of tongue carcinomas. In addition, the role of US-guided, fine-needle aspiration biology is also reviewed. Finally, the role and limitations of fusion images obtained from positron emission tomography (PET) and CT (PET-CT), which are currently used worldwide, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHorizons in Cancer Research
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages137-162
Number of pages26
Volume41
ISBN (Electronic)9781611228366
ISBN (Print)9781607417903
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dynamic MR sialography
  • Intra-oral ultrasonography
  • MR angiography
  • MRI
  • PET-CT
  • Ultrasonography
  • X-ray CT scanning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'New diagnostic imaging modalities for oral cancers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this