A compact magnetic-mirror confined electron cyclotron resonance plasma source for low-damage plasma processings was developed, especially aiming for the realization of high-quality silicon nitride film formation for the sub-micron complementary metal-oxide semiconductor device processes in the minimal fab system. The developed plasma source was installed in the minimal tool, and deposition of silicon nitride film was performed. The magnetic mirror confinement method worked well to excite the high-density plasma with low plasma excitation power of 10 W or less. By adopting the substrate position slightly apart from the core plasma region with the pressure range of 25 Pa, the silicon nitride film having the similar N/Si ratio to the ideal value of Si3N4 could be obtained in the room-temperature deposition. Under this condition, impurity concentration of oxygen in the film could be suppressed less than 1%, which was even smaller than that in the controlled low-pressure chemical-vapor deposited film at 750 °C.
- Minimal fab system
- plasma damage
- silicon nitride
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering