In a survey of DNA fingerprints of indigenous Bradyrhizobium japonicum with the species-specific repeated sequences RSα and RSβ, 21 isolates from three field sites showed numerous RS-specific hybridization bands. The isolates were designated highly reiterated sequence-possessing (HRS) isolates, and their DNA hybridization profiles were easily distinguished from the normal patterns. Some HRS isolates from two field sites possessed extremely high numbers of RSα copies, ranging from 86 to 175 (average, 128), and showed shifts and duplications of nif- and hup-specific hybridization bands. The HRS isolates exhibited slower growth than normal isolates, although no difference in symbiotic properties was detected between the HRS and normal isolates. Nucleotide sequence analysis of 16S rRNA genes showed that HRS isolates were strains of B. japonicum. There was no difference in the spectra of serological and hydrogenase groupings of normal and HRS isolates. Some HRS isolates possessed a tandem repeat RSα dimer that is similar to the structure of (IS30)2, was shown to cause a burst of transpositional rearrangements in Escherichia coli. The results suggest that HRS isolates are derived from normal isolates in individual fields by genome rearrangements that may be mediated by insertion sequences such as RSα.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology