New advances of seismic tomography and its applications to subduction zones and earthquake fault zones: A review

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62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There have been significant advances in the theory and applications of seismic tomography in the last decade. These include the refinements in the model parameterization, 3-D ray tracing, inversion algorithm, resolution and error analyses, joint use of local, regional and teleseismic data, and the addition of converted and reflected waves in the tomographic inversion. Applications of the new generation tomographic methods to subduction zones have resulted in unprecedentedly clear images of the subducting oceanic lithosphere and magma chambers in the mantle wedge beneath active arc volcanoes, indicating that geodynamic systems associated with the arc magmatism and back-arc spreading are related to deep processes, such as the convective circulation in the mantle wedge and deep dehydration reactions in the subducting slab. High-resolution tomographic imagings of earthquake fault zones in Japan and California show that rupture nucleation and earthquake generating processes are closely related to the heterogeneities of crustal materials and inelastic processes in the fault zones, such as the migration of fluids. Evidence also shows that arc magmatism and slab dehydration may also contribute to the generation of large crustal earthquakes in subduction regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-84
Number of pages17
JournalIsland Arc
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Mar 28
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arc magmatism
  • Earth structure
  • Earthquake fault zones
  • Seismictomography
  • Subduction zones
  • Volcanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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