New β-type titanium alloys with high biocompatibility

Mitsuo Niinomi, Daisuke Kuroda, Masahiko Morinaga, Yosihisa Kato, Toshiaki Yashiro

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pure titanium and Ti-6Al-4V alloy have been mainly used as implant materials. V free titanium alloys like Ti-6Al-7Nb and Ti-5Al-2.5Fe have been then developed because toxicity of V has been pointed out. Al and V free titanium alloys as implant materials have been then developed. Most of them are, however, α + β type alloys. β type titanium alloys with lower moduli of elasticity and greater strength have been started to be developed recently. Design of new β type titanium alloys composed of non - toxic elements like Nb, Ta, Zr, Mo or Sn with lower moduli of elasticity and greater strength were, therefore, done based on the d-electron alloy design method, and the basic mechanical properties of designed alloys of button ingots melted by tri-arc furnace in the laboratory were investigated in this study. β type alloys, Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr, Ti-Nb-Ta-Mo and Ti-Nb-Ta-Sn system alloys designed in this study are expected to have greater performance for implant materials. The Young's moduli of these alloys are lower comparing with that of Ti-6Al-4V ELI which has been used as an implant material. The alloys conducted with some heat treatments offer suitable tensile properties as implant materials. The tensile strength, elongation and wear resistance of designed alloys in this study are equivalent or greater comparing with those of conventional biomedical titanium alloys for implant materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages217-223
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 1
EventProceedings of the 1998 TMS Annual Meeting - San Antonio, TX, USA
Duration: 1998 Feb 161998 Feb 19

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1998 TMS Annual Meeting
CitySan Antonio, TX, USA
Period98/2/1698/2/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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