The results of recent neutron scattering and μSR studies on C60and C70fullerenes and their derivatives in the solid state are briefly reviewed. Particular attention is paid to the temperature evolution of the rotational dynamics and the phase transitions accompanying orientational ordering. The potential of muons as spin labels both inside and outside the fullerene cage is also explored. Solid C60shows a first-order phase transition at 260 K from a face-centred to a simple cubic structure. The isotropic molecular reorientations change abruptly to quasi-random jump motion between nearly-degenerate orientations differing in energy by 11.4(3) meV. A transition to an orientational glass state occurs at 85 K. Static disorder dominates the crystal chemistry of C70. The orientational ordering transitions from the high temperature face-centred cubic structure to the low temperature rhombohedral and monoclinic structures are accompanied by severe hysteresis effects. The rotational dynamic behaviour changes progressively on cooling from isotropic to anisotropic to uniaxial reorientations about the unique molecular axis. High pressure diffraction experiments reveal that C70has a smaller compressibility than C60. Disorder effects are also present well in the superconducting state for the potassium fulleride K3C60. Small-amplitude librational motion of the C3-60units is evident up to 650 K.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Mathematical Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)