Neutron irradiation behavior of tungsten

Akira Hasegawa, Makoto Fukuda, Takashi Tanno, Shuhei Nogami

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tungsten (W) is a candidate for the plasma facing component material of fusion reactors. During fusion reactor operation, not only displacement damage but also transmutation elements such as rhenium (Re and osmium (Os) are produced in W by neutron irradiation. To understand the irradiation response of W in a fusion reactor, irradiation effects on hardening, microstructure development and electric resistivity of pure W and WReOs alloys are studied using fission reactor irradiation. In the low-dpa region (<0.4 dpa), irradiation hardening was suppressed by Re addition, but significant hardening appeared in W26Re alloy after high-dpa (>1 dpa) irradiation. The hardening was caused by the irradiation-induced precipitation of WRe (phase) and WRe3 (phase). Os was more effective in the irradiation hardening than Re owing to the similar irradiation-induced precipitate formation even in low-dpa region. On the bases of these results, the alloy design of W for fusion reactor applications is suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-471
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Fusion reactor application
  • Plasma-facing component
  • Radiation damage
  • Tungsten and tungsten alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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