Neutron diffraction studies on the multiferroic conical magnet Ba 2Mg2Fe12O22

Shintaro Ishiwata, Daisuke Okuyama, Kazuhisa Kakurai, Masakazu Nishi, Yasujiro Taguchi, Yoshinori Tokura

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69 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetic structure of a multiferroic Y-type hexaferrite Ba 2Mg2Fe12O22 with helical-spin structures propagating along [001] below 195 K has been extensively studied, using polarized and unpolarized neutron diffractions under transverse magnetic fields B ([001]) up to 4.5 T. At zero magnetic field, a longitudinal-conical spin state was found to emerge below about 50 K, which enables the low- B control of electric polarization P. The magnetic phase diagram was investigated as a function of transverse B and coexistence of several phases with different helical-spin periodicity was confirmed at low- B region. Furthermore, by using the polarized neutron diffraction under transverse B, we verified that the ferroelectric phase with the largest P value with a commensurate k0 vector of (0, 0, 3/2) has a transverse-conical spin structure, in which the spin component perpendicular to B shows every 90° rotation with translation along the k0 direction. The relation between the transverse-conical spin structure and P as a function of the transverse B was discussed in terms of the inverse Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174418
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May 20
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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