Neutralizing antibodies are associated with a reduction of interferon-β efficacy during the treatment of Japanese multiple sclerosis patients

Douglas Kazutoshi Sato, Ichiro Nakashima, Toshiyuki Fukazawa, Yuko Shimizu, Yuji Tomizawa, Kazumasa Yokoyama, Tatsuro Misu, Paul I. Creeke, Rachel Farrell, Gavin Giovannoni, Yasuto Itoyama, Kazuo Fujihara, Masashi Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Interferon-β (IFN-β) has been used as the first line therapy for MS treatment in Japan, but patients treated with IFN-β may develop antibodies, known as neutralizing antibodies (NAbs), which abrogate its therapeutic effects. Intramuscular IFN-β 1a and subcutaneous IFN-β 1b are currently available in Japan, but large-scale studies evaluating the prevalence and clinical implications of NAbs against these IFN-β preparations in MS patients have only been performed in Caucasian populations. NAbs positivity has been reported to be associated with HLA-DRB1 alleles, suggesting that the positivity might differ among populations with distinct genetic backgrounds. Clinical information and sera were collected from 229 consecutive MS patients treated with IFN-β in 4 centers in Japan. Sera were tested for NAbs using a luciferase reporter gene assay. In total, 5.2% of IFN-β -1a-treated patients (4/77) and 30.3% of IFN-β -1b-treated patients (46/152) were positive for Nabs. The frequency of NAbs was highest in patients treated for 13 to 24 months. Clinical relapse and contrast-enhancing lesions in the magnetic resonance imaging increased together with NAbs titers in this group. In conclusion, the prevalence of NAbs in Japanese MS patients is similar to that in Caucasian populations and is associated with an increase in disease activity. Therefore, routine NAbs testing is recommended also in Asian populations to ensure the early identification of patients who would benefit from a change in therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-92
Number of pages8
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Volume228
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Beta-interferon
  • Immunomodulatory therapy
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neutralizing antibodies
  • Serologic tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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