We examined the effects of the free radical scavenger, 21-aminosteroid, on apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE/Ref-1) protein expression and subsequent infarction volume after photothrombotic cortical cerebral ischemia in mice. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis showed a significant reduction in APE/Ref-1 expression 6 and 24 h after ischemia in untreated animals, whereas in drug-treated animals the reduction was much less at the same time points. The administration of 21-aminosteroid significantly decreased subsequent infarction volume 3 days after ischemia. These data suggest that 21-aminosteroid prevents the early decrease of APE/Ref-1 expression, thereby reducing cortical infarction after photothrombotic cerebral ischemia. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
- Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease
- DNA base excision repair
- Free radical scavenger
- Photothiombotic cortical cerebral ischemia
- Reactive oxygen species
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