Neuronal PAS Domain 2 (Npas2)-Deficient Fibroblasts Accelerate Skin Wound Healing and Dermal Collagen Reconstruction

Hodaka Sasaki, Akishige Hokugo, Lixin Wang, Kenzo Morinaga, John T. Ngo, Hiroko Okawa, Ichiro Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The circadian clock, which consists of endogenous self-sustained and cell-autonomous oscillations in mammalian cells, is known to regulate a wide range of peripheral tissues. The unique upregulation of a clock gene, neuronal PAS domain protein 2 (Npas2), observed along with fibroblast aging prompted us to investigate the role of Npas2 in the homeostasis of dermal structure using in vivo and in vitro wound healing models. Time-course healing of a full-thickness skin punched wound exhibited significantly faster wound closure in Npas2−/− mice than wild-type (WT) C57Bl/6J mice. Dorsal skin fibroblasts isolated from WT, Npas2+/−, and Npas2−/− mice exhibited consistent profiles of core clock gene expression except for Npas2 and Per2. In vitro behavioral characterizations of dermal fibroblasts revealed that Npas2−/− mutation was associated with increased proliferation, migration, and cell contraction measured by floating collagen gel contraction and single-cell force contraction assays. Npas2 knockout fibroblasts carrying sustained the high expression level of type XII and XIV FAICT collagens and synthesized dermis-like thick collagen fibers in vitro. Confocal laser scanning microscopy demonstrated the reconstruction of dermis-like collagen architecture in the wound healing area of Npas2−/− mice. This study indicates that the induced Npas2 expression in fibroblasts may interfere with skin homeostasis, wound healing, and dermal tissue reconstruction, providing a basis for novel therapeutic target and strategy. Anat Rec, 2019.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1630-1641
Number of pages12
JournalAnatomical Record
Volume303
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 1

Keywords

  • circadian rhythm
  • collagen
  • fibroblast
  • Npas2
  • wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Biotechnology
  • Histology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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