Neurological basis of skill learning

Atsushi Yamadori, Takashi Yoshida, Etsuro Mori, Hikari Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Skill-learning, i.e. anterograde memory of 'procedures' has been separated from conventional declarative memory, or event- or data-related memory. This type of memory requires a concerted activity of various neural structures which are not assigned to the acquisition of declarative memory. We employed mirror reading task as a paradigm of skill acquisition memory and tried to elucidate possible neurological mechanisms involved in the procedural memory process. Ten normal control subjects, 10 early, non-treated Parkinson's, and 9 relatively early spinocerebellar degeneration patients participated in our study. The results showed a clear dissociation between declarative memory and mirror reading skill acquisition capacity. Thus, the Parkinson's patients as well as the spinocerebellar patients showed retardation in acquiring mirror reading skills, while both groups showed normal performance in auditory verbal learning tests and word recognition tests. The facts suggest a possible role of the nigro-striatal system and fronto-ponto-cerebellar system in forming these skill-related memory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalCognitive Brain Research
Volume5
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Dec

Keywords

  • Parkinson's disease
  • declarative memory
  • fronto-ponto-cerebellar system
  • mirror reading
  • nigro-striatal system
  • procedural memory
  • spinocerebellar degeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Neurological basis of skill learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this