Neurohypophyseal germinoma histologically misidentified as granulomatous hypophysitis

T. Endo, T. Kumabe, H. Ikeda, R. Shirane, T. Yoshimoto

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a case of neurohypophyseal germinoma appearing as predominantly granulomatous reaction in the first histological examination. A 12-year-old boy presented with diabetes insipidus, panhypopituitarism, and bitemporal hemianopsia. Transsphenoidal exploration for the intrasellar mass lesion extending to the suprasellar region was performed in May 1999. Histological examination revealed granulomatous hypophysitis and corticosteroid therapy was initiated. Six months later, the lesion relapsed despite corticosteroid therapy. Subtotal removal of the lesion was performed via an anterior interhemispheric approach in December 1999. Histological examination revealed typical germinoma. Subsequently, the patient underwent irradiation of 20 Gy to the tumour site and 24 Gy to the whole brain. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed tumour remission. We must consider the possibility of neurohypophyseal germinoma in patients with granulomatous hypophysitis which does not respond to corticosteroid therapy, and perform re-exploration for more specimens to achieve the correct diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1233-1237
Number of pages5
JournalActa neurochirurgica
Volume144
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Germinoma
  • Granulomatous hypophysitis
  • Granulomatous reaction
  • Neurohypophysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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