Neurogenic pulmonary edema following febrile status epilepticus in a 22-month-old infant with multiple respiratory virus co-detection: A case report

Yoshie Takagi, Takeaki Imamura, Shota Endo, Kenta Hayashi, Satoka Akiyama, Yoji Ikuta, Takahiro Kawaguchi, Tomoko Sumita, Tatsuo Katori, Masanori Hashino, Shinji Saito, Takato Odagiri, Kunihiro Oba, Makoto Kuroda, Tsutomu Kageyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Neurogenic pulmonary edema is a rare but serious complication of febrile status epilepticus in children. Comprehensive screening for viral pathogens is seldomly performed in the work-up of febrile children. Case presentation: A 22-month-old girl presented with her first episode of febrile status epilepticus, after which she developed acute pulmonary edema and respiratory failure. After the termination of seizure activity, the patient was intubated and managed on mechanical ventilation in the emergency room. The resolution of respiratory failure, as well as the neurological recovery, was achieved 9 h after admission, and the patient was discharged 6 days after admission without any complications. Molecular biological diagnostic methods identified the presence of human coronavirus HKU1, influenza C virus, and human parainfluenza virus 2 from the patient's nasopharyngeal specimens. Conclusions: Neurogenic pulmonary edema following febrile status epilepticus was suspected to be the etiology of our patient's acute pulmonary edema and respiratory failure. Timely seizure termination and rapid airway and respiratory intervention resulted in favorable outcomes of the patient. Molecular biological diagnostic methods identified three respiratory viruses; however, their relevance and association with clinical symptoms remain speculative.

Original languageEnglish
Article number388
JournalBMC infectious diseases
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Co-detection
  • Febrile status epilepticus
  • Human coronavirus HKU1
  • Human parainfluenza virus 2
  • Influenza C virus
  • Multiplex real-time RT-PCR
  • Neurogenic pulmonary edema

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

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