Background No population-based surveys of porencephaly, schizencephaly, and hydranencephaly have been conducted in Japan or other Asian countries. We performed a neuroepidemiologic analysis to elucidate the incidence of porencephaly, schizencephaly, and hydranencephaly in Miyagi prefecture, Japan, during 2007-2011. Methods We sent inquiry forms in February 2012 to three neonatal intensive care units, 25 divisions of orthopedic surgery in municipal hospitals, 33 divisions of pediatrics including one university hospital, municipal hospitals, pediatric practitioners, and institutions for physically handicapped children located in Miyagi prefecture. These covered all clinics related to pediatric neurology and orthopedic surgery in Miyagi prefecture. In the inquiry, diagnostic criteria for porencephaly, schizencephaly, and hydranencephaly were described and representative images of magnetic resonance imaging were shown. We obtained an 82% (27 of 33) response rate from the divisions of pediatrics, a 100% (3 of 3) response rate from the neonatal intensive care units, and a 68% (17 of 25) response rate from orthopedic surgery clinics. The magnetic resonance imaging scans of each patient were retrieved and inspected. Results Five, one, and two individuals developed porencephaly, schizencephaly, and hydranencephaly, respectively. The estimated incidence rates of porencephaly, schizencephaly, and hydranencephaly were 5.2 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.6-9.8), 1.0 (95% CI, 0.0-3.1), and 2.1 (95% CI, 0.0-5.0) per 100,000 live births, respectively. Conclusions The prevalence rates of porencephaly, schizencephaly, and hydranencephaly at birth reported herein are compatible with results reported previously in the United States and European countries. The overall prevalence rate of these three diseases was 8.3 (95% CI, 2.6-14.1) per 100,000 live births.
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Jan 1|
- prevalence rate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology