Mutual communication among the immune, neuroendocrine and metabolic systems is essential for the maintenance of gastrointestinal mucosal function. A unique barrier system by the mucosal immune system handles a myriad of infectious and food antigens, while the neuroendocrine system interplays with the immune system in the intestinal mucosa. The close relation between these two systems is associated with the pronounced effects of stress and metabolic changes.
- Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
- Mucosal immune system
- Neuroendocrine system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology