Liposomes coated with neoglycolipids constructed with mannopentaose and dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine (M3-DPPE), referred to as M3-DPPE liposomes, have been shown to induce cellular immunity against antigens encapsulated therein. To evaluate whether these M3-DPPE liposomes have an adjuvant capacity against Neospora caninum infection, a novel immunization method utilizing soluble N. caninum apical membrane antigen 1 (NcAMA1) encapsulated in the M3-DPPE liposomes (M3-NcAMA1) was employed. The results revealed that a significant amount of interferon (IFN)-γ production was detected in culture supernatants of NcAMA1 protein- or N. caninum lysate-stimulated spleen cells obtained from the mice one week after the third immunization with M3-NcAMA1. The parasite burden in the dams' brain tissue was decreased and the survival rate of offspring increased significantly in M3-NcAMA1-immunized mice. Thus, a parasite-specific Th1 immune response was successfully induced in the pregnant mice immunized with M3-NcAMA1, and an effective reduction of offspring mortality from N. caninum infection was triggered.
- Apical membrane antigen 1
- Neospora caninum
- Oligomannose-coated liposomes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases