Neoadjuvant exemestane or exemestane plus docetaxel and cyclophosphamide tailored by clinicopathological response to 12 weeks' exemestane exposure in patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer: A multicenter, open-label, phase II study

Nobuaki Sato, Norikazu Masuda, Takashi Morimoto, Takayuki Ueno, Chizuko Kanbayashi, Koji Kaneko, Hiroyuki Yasojima, Shigehira Saji, Hironobu Sasano, Satoshi Morita, Shinji Ohno, Masakazu Toi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our aim was to investigate the efficacy and safety of initial neoadjuvant endocrine therapy with exemestane alone followed by tailored treatment, either continued exemestane monotherapy or exemestane plus docetaxel-cyclophosphamide (TC) combination therapy, in postmenopausal patients with primary invasive estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative, stage I-IIIA breast cancer and Ki67 labeling index ≤30%. In this open-label phase II study, patients initially received exemestane 25 mg/d for 12 weeks. Responders were defined as patients who achieved complete response (CR), partial response (PR) with Ki67 labeling index ≤5% after treatment, or stable disease with Ki67 labeling index ≤5% both before and after treatment. For the subsequent 12 weeks, exemestane monotherapy was continued for responders (group A), whereas nonresponders received exemestane plus four cycles of TC (docetaxel 75 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 every 3 weeks) (group B). Clinical response rate (ie the proportion of patients with CR or PR) at 24 weeks was the primary endpoint. Of 64 patients provisionally enrolled between December 2010 and May 2016, 58 (median age 60 years) started the study treatment. Five patients discontinued treatment in the initial exemestane monotherapy period, and 39 completed the study treatment. Clinical response rates at 8-12 and 24 weeks were 71% (10/14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 41.9%-91.6%) and 57% (8/14, 95% CI 28.9%-82.3%), respectively, in group A, and 16% (4/25, 95% CI 4.5%-36.1%) and 56% (14/25, 95% CI 34.9%-75.6%), respectively, in group B. Grade ≥3 adverse events were reported in 8% (1/15) and 53% (20/38) in group A and group B, respectively. The tailored treatment maintained the favorable clinical response to exemestane alone in responders and improved clinical response in nonresponders. TRIAL NUMBER: UMIN000004752 (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5468-5481
Number of pages14
JournalCancer medicine
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 1

Keywords

  • aromatase inhibitors
  • breast neoplasms
  • docetaxel and cyclophosphamide
  • Ki67 labeling index
  • tailored therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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