Negotiating the production of space in Tl'azt'en territory, Northern British Columbia

Philip Morris, Gail Fondahl

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)


    Societies produce the space in which they operate through social practices that visualize, administer, and use lands and resources. Because Native peoples have held relatively little political power, their ability to influence the production of space has received little attention. Yet the superimposition of Euro-Canadian social practices onto Native spaces rarely erased native spatiality, but rather created a territory made up of shared and hybrid spaces which resulted from the interaction of Native and Euro-Canadian societies. This paper suggests that the social processes involved in the production of space are perhaps most visible when two parties are negotiating the allocation and management of lands and resources. In the 1970s the Tl'azt'en engaged in negotiations over the construction of a railway through their territory. Through the negotiations Tl'azt'en social and economic goals were inscribed to a significant degree in the spatial organization of the territory. Like current treaty negotiations, the 1970s negotiations involved compromises by both parties, and resulted in the creation of new hybrid social spaces which reflected the goals and strategies of both groups.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)108-125
    Number of pages18
    JournalCanadian Geographer
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 1


    • Aboriginal
    • British Columbia
    • First nations
    • Negotiations
    • Production of space

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Earth-Surface Processes


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