We examined regulation of the human erythropoietin (Epo) gene through the GATA sequence in the Epo promoter and showed that Hep3B and HepG2 cells express human GATA-2 (hGATA-2) mRNA and protein. Nuclear extracts of QT6 cells transfected with hGATA-1, 2, or 3 transcription factors showed specific binding to the GATA element in the human Epo gene promoter by gel mobility shift assay. Transient transfection of Hep3B cells with hGATA-1, 2, or 3 showed that each of these transcription factors significantly decreased the level of expression of Epo mRNA as assessed by a competitive polymerase chain reaction. Transient transfection of Hep3B cells with hGATA-1, 2, and 3 and an Epo-reporter gene (growth hormone [GH]) construct showed significant inhibition of the Epo promoter. Antisense oligonucleotide for hGATA-2 transcription factor significantly increased the Epo protein in Hep3B cells under 1% O2 for 24 hours incubation. Furthermore, transient transfection of Hep3B cells with hGATA-1, 2, and 3 and an Epo-reporter gene (luciferase) construct also showed significant inhibition of the Epo promoter. However, transfection of the mutated GATA sequence of the Epo-luciferase gene with hGATA-1, 2, and 3 interfere with the inhibition of the Epo promoter. We conclude that the hGATA-1, 2, and 3 transcription factors specifically bind to the GATA element in the human Epo gene promoter and negatively regulate Epo gene expression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology