Nearly complete stress drop in the 2011 Mw 9.0 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake

Akira Hasegawa, Keisuke Yoshida, Tomomi Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Temporal change in the stress field after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake was observed by stress tensor inversions of focal mechanisms of earthquakes near the source region. The maximum compressive stress (σ1) axis before the earthquake has a direction toward the plate convergence, dipping oceanward at an angle of 25-30 degrees. Its dip angle significantly increased by 30-35 degrees after the earthquake, and σ1 axis came to intersect with the plate interface at a high angle of about 80 degrees. By using the observed rotation of σ1 axis, we estimated the ratio of mainshock stress drop to the background deviatoric stress Δτ/τ to be 0.9-0.95. This shows that the deviatoric stress causing the A/w 9.0 earthquake was mostly released by the earthquake, or the stress drop during the earthquake was nearly complete. Adopting the average stress drop obtained by GPS observation data, the deviatoric stress magnitude is estimated to be 21-22 MPa. This suggests the plate interface is weak. The nearly complete stress drop caused a high dip angle of σ1 axis, which is the reason why not a small number of normal fault type aftershocks have occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-707
Number of pages5
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • 2011 Tohoku earthquake
  • Deviatoric stress magnitude
  • NE Japan subduction zone
  • Weak fault

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nearly complete stress drop in the 2011 M<sub>w</sub> 9.0 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this