Navier-Stokes optimization of supersonic wings with four objectives using evolutionary algorithm

Daisuke Sasaki, Shigeru Obayashi, Kazuhiro Nakahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


The design optimization of wings for supersonic transport by means of multiobjective evolutionary algorithms is presented. Three objective functions are first considered to minimize the drag for transonic cruise, the drag for supersonic cruise, and the bending moment at the wing root at the supersonic condition. The wing shape is defined by planform, thickness distributions, and warp shapes in total of 66 design variables. A Navier-Stokes code is used to evaluate the aerodynamic performance at both cruise conditions. Based on the results, the optimization problem is further revised. The definition of the thickness distributions is given more precisely by adding control points. In total, 72 design variables are used. The fourth objective function to minimize the pitching moment is added. The results of the revised optimization are compared with the three-objective optimization results as well as National Aerospace Laboratory's (NAL's) design. Two pareto solutions are found superior to NAL's design for all four objective functions. The planform shapes of those solutions are "arrow-wing" type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)621-629
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Aircraft
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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