Nationwide survey (Japan) on spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy

Miki Hagimoto, Hiroaki Tanaka, Yutaka Osuga, Kiyonori Miura, Shigeru Saito, Shoji Sato, Junichi Sugawara, Tomoaki Ikeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current state and clinical characteristics of spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy (SHiP) in Japan by performing a comprehensive survey. Methods: We reviewed data on pregnant women who developed SHiP during 2013–2017 (for 5 years), and were admitted to any of the perinatal centers in Japan. The survey assessed maternal background and maternal and neonatal prognosis. We divided the cases into two groups, favorable and poor prognosis groups, and made comparisons between the two groups. Results: Of the 407 facilities in Japan, 267 (66%) facilities responded to our survey. Overall, 31 cases of SHiP were registered. Maternal death occurred in one case (3%) due to liver bleeding with an unknown cause. Of 23 cases with a SHiP onset during pregnancy, 12 (53%) had been misdiagnosed as placental abruption. The prognosis for the fetuses included miscarriage or stillbirth in three cases (10%) and asphyxia in 12 cases (42%). There was no significant correlation between the amount of intra-abdominal blood loss and neonatal prognosis based on umbilical artery pH. Incidences of preterm birth <32 gestational weeks (adjusted odds ratio, 35.75; 95% confidence interval, 3.46–368.82) were higher in the poor prognosis group than that in the favorable group. Endometriosis and artificial reproductive techniques were both associated with 19% of all cases of SHiP. Conclusion: SHiP was associated with maternal death and poor fetal prognosis. Prematurity and persistent uterine contractions which might be misdiagnosed as placental abruption seem to contribute to poor fetal prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2646-2652
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • SHiP
  • intrauterine death
  • maternal death
  • placental abruption
  • spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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