Narrative Review: The Process of Expanding the Manual of Antimicrobial Stewardship by the Government of Japan

Kazuaki Jindai, Yoshiki Kusama, Yoshiaki Gu, Hitoshi Honda, Norio Ohmagari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare has published the Manual of Antimicrobial Stewardship (1st edition) in June 2017 to improve the prescribing practice of antimicrobials for immunocompetent adult and pediatric (both school-aged and older children) patients. Due to the increasing demand for further promoting outpatient antimicrobial stewardship, we conducted a literature and national guideline review to identify the area of need. The results of our review revealed a high antimicrobial prescription rate in the Japanese pediatric population. Furthermore, although the Japanese clinical guidelines/guidance covered the fields of almost all infectious diseases, no system exists to estimate the incidence and treatment patterns of important infectious diseases such as asymptomatic bacteriuria, skin and soft tissue infections, and dental practices in Japan. Therefore, addressing the issues of both establishing surveillance systems and the implementation of guidelines/guidance can be the next step to promote further outpatient antimicrobial stewardship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-190
Number of pages10
JournalInternal Medicine
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 15
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Antimicrobial stewardships
  • Infectious disease guideline
  • Public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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