Nanotextured Mold Surface with DLC Coating for Reduction in Residual Ceramic Particles

Motoyuki Murashima, Koki Hojo, Shigehiro Ito, Noritsugu Umehara, Takayuki Tokoroyama, Tomonori Takahashi, Minoru Imaeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In the ceramic industry, ceramic particles remain on a mold surface due to which the mold requires frequent cleaning during press molding, reducing productivity. Surface texturing and tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C) coatings are well-known surface-energy controllable treatments developed for low adhesion, low friction, and high wear resistance. In the present paper, we demonstrate the effect of reducing ceramic residues using nanotexturing, ta-C coatings, and their combination. We compare two surface morphologies (i.e., 770 nm pitch nanotexturing and flat) and five materials (i.e., nonhardened steel, hardened steel, ta-C, and two types of nitrogen-doped ta-C (ta-CNx). Molding test results show that the ta-C coating on flat surfaces with the highest hardness of 30 GPa shows the lowest residual amount of 5.9 μg for Al2O3 ceramic particles. The amount is 82% less than that of the nonhardened steel. The ta-CNx20, made with a nitrogen flow rate of 20 sccm, shows the lowest residual amount of 234 μg for SiO2 ceramic particles, which is 81% less than that of the nontextured ta-CNx20. In conclusion, we provide design guidelines for nanotextured mold surfaces including the texturing pitch should be small enough for ceramic particles; the mold surface should be sufficiently hard; the lower the surface energy per unit area, the less residues of ceramic particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3563-3574
Number of pages12
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 30
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Nanotextured Mold Surface with DLC Coating for Reduction in Residual Ceramic Particles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this